Post Info TOPIC: 2007-2008 debate resolution
Giulia Pline

2007-2008 debate resolution


Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase its public health assistance to Sub-Saharan Africa.

Sub-Saharan Africa - The region of Africa south of the Sahara Desert.

Assistance - the act of assisting, helping, aiding, and supporting.

Public health - health services to improve and protect community health, esp. sanitation, immunization, and preventive medicine.

1.) The first phase of the Regional AIDS Training Network has led to the creation and implementation of a dynamic and sustainable network of training institutions in East and Southern Africa. This network provides extension services and technical assistance to health care professionals and other workers in the field of STDs/HIV/AIDS.
2.) The Canada Fund for Africa is supporting the work of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI) and the African AIDS Vaccine Programme (AAVP). This work is facilitating vaccine trials, educating communities about the vaccines, and strengthening African expertise to develop vaccines most appropriate to the HIV strains prevalent in Africa. Canada, along with other G8 countries, has also endorsed the concept of a Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise to accelerate the development of a vaccine.
3.) The Canada-South Africa Nurses HIV/AIDS Initiative focuses on training and upgrading nurses' skills. It includes developing effective HIV/AIDS home care models, and capacity building activities for the Democratic Nursing Organization of South Africa and its partners.
4.) The West Africa AIDS Project is working in nine West African countries to reduce the transmission of HIV/AIDS by ensuring the sustainable control of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) through the network of primary health services and strengthened community associations, and to improve the integration of health programs to fight STIs/HIV/AIDS.
5.) Countries that have embraced open trade have enjoyed higher rates of economic growth. Africa has enormous potential to become a significantly larger player in global trade and commerce, but there have been disappointments.
6.) Sub-Saharan Africa has an abundant natural resource base which can be a major contributor to sustained economic growth. Several countries in the region, notably Namibia and Madagascar, have implemented highly innovative community-based approaches to improve the management of their natural resource base and to extend the economic benefits to lower income households.


1.) More than 25 million people in Sub-Saharan Africa are living with HIV/AIDS.
2.) Nearly 40 percent of the population in Botswana and Swaziland are living with HIV/AIDS.
3.) South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV/AIDS in the world: 5 million adults and children.
4.) In 2001, there were a million AIDS orphans in Nigeria alone, nearly the same number again in Ethiopia, and over 800,000 in each of Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania.
5.) In Sub-Saharan Africa, women represented 58 percent of those infected by the end of 2003.
6.) More than one in five pregnant women are HIV-infected in most countries of Southern Africa.

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