Post Info TOPIC: 60's Generation & Watergate
mre

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60's Generation & Watergate
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Source: http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html and http://www.watergate.info/

Background: The Sixties generation was unlike any other in influencing political, economic, military and social institutions.  Whether it was the Vietnam War or their parents, the 60's 'hippies' challenged authority in many ways.  Music, drugs and sex would also become the labels of those who defined the 1960's.  Concerning the Watergate scandal, the American nation would become intruiged, angered and then, ultimately, disappointed in the office of the President of the United States.  It would become the worst political scandal in the country's history, resulting in the first (and only) resignation of the presidency. 

Assignment:  Read and reesearch the following websites.  Collect 10 facts from each (80 points each) and then ask questions or share comments concerning your findings (20 points each).

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Brittney

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RE: 60's Generation & Watergate
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10 facts from http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html 
1.During the last half of the 60s, over 1.4 million men were drafted.

2.At the end of the decade, a Peace Moratorium on October 15, 1969, turns into the largest demonstration in the nations history: a two million people march.

3.In 1960, nearly half of Americans population is under the age of 18 years old.

4.Color TV arrived in the early 60s, and is taken in far more rapidly than the old black and white TVs.

5.The biggest stars of this time were linked to the British Invasion, and the Motown and San Francisco sounds.

6.In 1962, there were 6,000 drive-ins in the U.S.; a year later there were 3,550.

7.The movie industry peaks in 1964 with the release of 502 films.

8.The FBI used tactics and methods like surveillance, recordings, anonymous letters, and outright blackmail and IRS investigations-anything to discredit activist leaders and create organizational divisions.

9.To manage the huge volume of data, the CIA( and illegal operation to identify the foreign agitators behind the protests for civil rights, peace, free speech, and so on) creates a computer index of 300,000 people, and maintains in-dept files on 7,200 individuals and 100 groups in America.

10.During the presidential election, voter turnouts are higher in the 1960s than in any other decade since WWII.

 10 facts from http://www.watergate.info/
1.Watergate is a general term used to describe a complex web of political sandals between 1972 and 1974.

2.Watergate specifically refers to the Watergate Hotel in Washington D.C.

3.Watergate Hotel is one of Washingtons plushest hotels, and even today, it is the home to former Senator Bob Dole and one was the place where Monica Lewinsky stayed.

4.The Watergate Hotel was where the Watergate Burglars broke into the Democratic Partys National Committee offices on June 17, 1972.

5.The scandal really began during 1972, when the burglars were arrested.

6.Richard Milhous Nixon is considered to be one of the most fascinating political figures in the 20th century.

7.Political investigations began in February 1973 when the Senate established a Committee to investigate the Watergate scandal.

8.The Committee uncovered existence of the secret White House tape of John Dean, Nixons former White House Counsel.

9.In 1974, the House of Representatives authorized the Judiciary Committee to consider impeachment proceedings against Nixon.
10.The Supreme Court ordered Nixon to release more White House tapes, and among them one of them became known as the smoking gun tape when it revealed that Nixon had participated in the Watergate cover-up as far back as June 23, 1972.

11.On the evening of August 8, 1974, Nixon delivered a nationally televised resignation speech.


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Amanda

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PBS- The Sixties

1)      During the last half of the 1960s 1.4 million men were drafted to Vietnam

 

2) In 1965 teachers at the University of Michigan organized an SDS supported teach-in to protest the war and by the end of that year there were 100,000 protesters in 80 cities around the country.

 

3) On October 15, 1969 the largest anti-war demonstration in the countrys history took place, 2 million people marched at the Peace Moratorium.

 

4) As television increased in popularity throughout the 1960s, movies began to die down in popularity, by 1969 95% of homes had at least one TV set and in 1962 there were about 6,000 drive-in theaters in the country, a year later there were only 3,500.

 

5) By 1969 a third of the population, 60 million people, had moved out of cities and into the suburbs

 

6) COINTELPRO was a Counter Intelligence Program used by the FBI to keep track of every organization in the country that was even remotely radical, such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Organization of Women, the SDS, and Malcolm X. The COINTELPRO hoped to discredit these activist leaders in anyway they could in order to break up their organizations.

 

7) In 1968 the CIA created its (illegal) Operation CHAOS in order to identify the foreign agitators behind protests for civil rights, peace, and free speech. Operation CHAOS had in-depth files on 7,200 individuals and on 100 groups in America.

 

8) They later added Operations Merrimac and Resistance to Operation CHAOS, these new groups were used to spy on peace groups, black activist organizations, campus radicals and students groups.

 

9) In the decades since World War II, voter turnout reached its highest in the 1960s, when political awareness was considered to be the responsibility of American citizens.

 

10) Since 1870 all white men 21 and over had the right to vote, however during the 1960s 18 year olds were being drafted into Vietnam when they did not even have the right to vote against the war itself, in 1971 Richard Nixon supported a constitutional amendment to lower the voting age to 18.



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C.Santos

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RE: 60's Generation & Watergate
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Watergate  ·        Watergate is a referred by the scandals between 1972 and 1974, in which Nixon used the CIA to hide secret information and many other things.·        Nixon when elected as president had wanted to expand on intelligence programs like the CIA and the FBI but quickly changed his mind to his approval.·        The Pentagon Papers are posted in the New York Times, which explains the Defense Departments secret history of Vietnam War.·        The White House plumbers unit tried to plug this leak and led a burglary a psychiatrists office for information on Daniel Ellsberg, the former defense analyst who leaked the info. ·        Five men who say they work for the CIA are arrested for trying to bug the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel and office complex.·        A 25,000-dollar check that was supposed to go to Nixons campaign is found in the bank of one of the burglars.·        John Mitchell, while serving as attorney general, controlled a secret Republican fund used to finance widespread intelligence-gathering operations against the Democrats.·        Former Nixon aides G. Gordon Liddy and James W. McCord Jr. are convicted of conspiracy, burglary and wiretapping in the Watergate incident. Five other men plead guilty, but mysteries remain in this little corruption case. Some begin to think that Nixon had been behind this the whole time.·        Nixon's top White House staffers, H.R. Haldeman and John Ehrlichman, and Attorney General Richard Kleindienst resign over the scandal. White House counsel John Dean is fired.·        Nixon is to be impeached if he doesnt release some tapes with very confidential information on the Watergate issue. He is charged with obstruction of justice and becomes the first president to resign and Gerald Ford is made president. Ford later pardons Nixon of all charges related to the Watergate case.

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C.Santos

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Ten Facts on the 60s

 
  • In fear that China would try and spread their Communist ideas to neighboring countries, the United States began giving money and support to these neighboring countries in an attempt to see America as a great friend and Democratic role-model.
  • Two American ships are sunk of the Gulf of Tonkin and the president makes the decision to declare all out war on North Vietnam which was now occupied by Communists.
  • Americans begin to bomb Vietnam and try to get the South Vietnamese to fight along side. The problem was that our troops had not known the territory and the native North Vietnamese would use Guerilla Warfare to attack the Americans.
  • Eventually in 1973, America ends the war and takes all its people and supplies out of South Vietnam and this is considered a loss for America.
  • Nixon wins the 1968 election in a land slide with the promise to end Vietnamese war and improve our nation.
  • The contrevorsy over voting rights came back up in the 60s and in 64 there was an amendment passed allowing all African Americans to vote.
  • Along with that Nixon lowers the voting age to 18 allowing young men to vote in the next election.
  • The Civil Rights movement was stronger than ever during these years and it mostly occurred in school and college campuses.
  • President Kennedy is assassinated and Lyndon B. Johnson is sworn into office immediately in response that the assassination maybe an attempt to attack America.
  • Many people didnt want to go to Vietnam and when the draft came out they tried to dodge it. The draft dodgers would be punished under law but were pardoned by Jimmy Carter.
 

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Alex Z.

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Alex Zarecki

http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html

Facts
1. The Republic of Vietnam (South) lost roughly 4 times as many soldiers as the U.S.
2. U.S. soldiers used Charlie as a derogatory term for members of the VC as a result of the radio alphabet term Victor-Charlie.
3. Francis Gary Powers, the pilot of the U2 plane, was detained for two years in Soviet territory.
4. The Presidential Television Debates provided Kennedy with limelight while making Nixon look bad (literally).
5. Elvis was discharged after two years in the army in 1960.
6. Also in 1960, Theodore Maiman, a physicist, successfully created the first LASER.
7. The sit-ins first occurred in 1960, too, protesting segregation in the South.
8. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964.
9. The voting rights act was passed in 1965.
10. Star Trek first aired in 1966.

Thoughts
Although it took me a while to realize a timeline involved more than one year, I found it interesting how much happened in this decade. It seems as though more happens in recent years than in, say, during colonial times, but I wonder is that just because we are better at recording history now than we were before? Or even further, does it just seem this way because we dont realize whats really insignificant when things are still affecting us?


http://www.watergate.info/

Facts
1. The Watergate Hotel is located in Washington, D.C.
2. No one was arrested until 1973 regarding the Watergate scandal.
3. Richard Nixons middle name is Milhous. [That may not seem like much, but I didnt know it, and I think everyone should know it! Yeah!]
4. Nixon served as a VP for eight years.
5. Nixon at first lost the presidential election against JFK.
6. Nixon made three speeches regarding the Watergate scandal, but the third was the only one in which he admitted at least relative guilt (after being forced to reveal evidence, tapes).
7. Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein forked for the Washington Post.
8. Along with Deep Throat, they gathered evidence against the president.
9. Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974 on national television.
10. President Ford pardoned Nixon on September 8 of the same year.

Thoughts
Its sad to think of a government that cant be trusted by the people it represents. Maybe Jefferson was right in wanting to give such limited power to the federal government?



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Alex Z.

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Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein worked for the Washington Post, too.

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Brandi

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The Sixties: Website #1


 -The US was afraid that Asian Communism would grow. In order to stop this, they sent out more aid, equipment, and military advisors. Although they sent many types of aid, they did not send any combat troops. (1960-1964)

 
-President Johnson ordered bombing on the north and sent troops to the south. The first major national anti-war demonstration was organized in Washington DC. There were about 100,000 protestors before 1965 was over.

 
-Color TV was created. In 1962 there were 6,000 drive-ins in the US. Just a year later there were about 3,000, which shows the popularity of the TV. In 1964, walk in theaters had reached a high with the movie industry releasing 502 films.

-Prices on mostly everything increased greatly. From the beginning of the sixties to the end, a gallon of milk went from 49 cents to $1.10. An average house went from 16,500 to 27,900. (People buy cars for more than that now!!! Crazy)

 
-People began to speak out about war and their rights. They were trying to get the peace message across. The FBI used the Counter Intelligence Program to put down these groups.

 
-IRS Investigations- The FBI used surveillance, recordings, and anonymous letters to try to blackmail or discredit activist leaders.

 
-John F. Kennedy won the election in the 60s and promised to keep the US ahead of the Soviet Union in the Space Race and the Cold War.

 
-In the sixties, political awareness became a duty to the people that they had to fulfill. Voter turnouts were higher than ever before.

-Shirley Chisholm was a black woman who received over 150 delegate votes.

 
-The sixties consisted of the first working class kids who attended college. Many worked for the civil rights movement.

 
The sixties were a time of rebellion and a time of speaking out for what you believed in. Obviously it seemed that it did not always go well with the government. The conflicts that were going on caused prices to drastically change in the matter of years, which would shape our country today. But what would the US be like today If the government hadnt gotten involved in the protests that were going on. People started to finally get a voice, but was it a bad voice? Would the people that were protesting against was have been able to become strong enough to take over and change what they wanted? I think it was good that people began to get a feel for standing up for themselves, but some took it to a level that was not necessary. And color TV was definitely a good thing in the sixties. =]

 
 Watergate: Website #2:

 
-Nixon was elected to the House of Representatives in 1947. He was chosen as Eisenhowers Vice-Presidential running mate. Then Nixon was involved in a scandal that led to the Checkers Speech.

 
-Nixon served as vice president and then lost the presidential election against Kennedy. He became the 37th president.

 
-He wanted to break into the Watergate Hotel. The people who broke in got caught.

 
-Nixon made speeches about it. (Three major ones) Congress started their own investigation. They found he was recording conversations in the White House.

 
-Congress ordered the tapes to be released but Nixon refused. (Nixon released partial transcripts of the tapes in one of his speeches.)

 
-Nixon edited out some things in the tapes, about 18 hours of recordings. But that was not acceptable.

 
-In 1974, the House of Representatives made the Judiciary Committee consider impeachment. Nixon knew he would lose if that happened, so he decided to resign. He was the first president to resign.

 
-Smoking Gun Tape- Revealed that Nixon was involved in the Watergate cover-up as far back as 1972.

 
-Nixon was pardoned by a presidential pardon by Ford.

 
-Fords presidency seemed to be a falsehood. It was almost as if Nixon would make Ford president if he pardoned him.

 
The story of the Watergate scandal scared the Americans.  How did a president get away with this and then try to cover it up?  What was our country growing and standing upon?  It seemed like everything had been a lie.  People had heard that he was racist and would swear, but of course that was behind the scenes.  Was the country wondering if something like that would happen again?  Would they bring in another deceitful president?  The whole situation was just kind of scary and disappointing.  

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Amanda

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Watergate

 

1) On June 17, 1972, 5 burglars were arrested at the Watergate offices of the Democratic National Committee. The five men had connections to the CIA and FBI and some were also part of anti-Castro activities.

 

2) The five men were charged with attempted burglary and attempted interception of telephone and other communications.

 

3) In the 1972 election Nixon won by more than 60% of the vote, beating Senator George McGovern, this was the biggest landslide in American political history.

 4) In 1973, two men, former Nixon aides G. Gordon Liddy and James W. McCord Jr., were convicted of conspiracy, burglary, and wiretapping in the Watergate scandal and five other men plead guilty.

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Brandi

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Alex Z,
I liked your whole ten facts and stuff that you listed about the websites, but I think it's more interesting to look at people's thoughts, especially when they are similar. Because I put kind of the same thing for my thoughts on the watergate topic. I mean, these people who were supposed to be setting the biggest exaple, who were in the highest leadership positions were the ones being deceitful?? I think that is crazy.  How is everyone supposed to trust each other if they can't even trust the people who are supposed to be setting the standards for everyone? And I didn't even think about the whole thing about how we're probably better at recording things now then we were in colonial days.  It's and interesting way of looking at it.

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Kristen

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http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html 

 

Facts

  1. In 1954, Vietnam is a divided nation, with Communists controlling the North, and anti-Communists in the South.
  2. In February 1965, Pres. Johnson begins the air war, ordering sustained bombing of the North. He also sends the first ground troops to the South.
  3. In the 60s campuses became a breeding ground for political activism.
  4. All American men over 21 have the right to vote after 1870.
  5. In 1964, the first male Baby-Boomers turn 18 which is old enough to be drafted and sent to Vietnam but they are still not able to vote against the war because they are still three years to young.
  6. John F. Kennedy wins the election for president by promising to keep the U.S. ahead of the Soviet Union in the Space Race and Cold War.
  7. The FBI uses the Counter Intelligence Program (COINTELPRO) to investigate and interfere with dissident groups. It intended from the outset to operate beyond the approved limits of federal power.
  8. During the 60s the Beatles become huge and are heard everywhere.
  9. In '62, there are 6,000 drive-ins in the U.S.; a year later there are 3,550.
  10. With 502 films the movie industry peaks in 1964and box office sales continued to increase with ticket prices.  Also, the selection of films would never again be so diverse.

 

http://www.watergate.info/

 

Facts

  1. After the Watergate scandal the Watergate Hotel is one of Washington's plushest hotels.
  2. Nixon had a long political career that began in 1947 when he was elected to the House of Representatives.
  3. Nixon served as vice president for eight years and lost the 1960 election to Kennedy but won the 1968 election after two political assassinations.
  4. Nixon made three major speeches on the Watergate Scandal.
  5. The first one he announced the removal of Dean, Haldeman, and Ehrlichman. The second was bolder.
  6. The third, which was the most difficult, is when he released partial transcripts of the White House tapes.
  7. Political investigations began in February 1973 when the Senate established a Committee to investigate the Watergate scandal. The public hearings of the Committee were thrilling which included the evidence of John Dean who was Nixon's former White House Counsel.
  8. In 1974 the House of Representatives approved the Judiciary Committee to consider impeachment proceedings against Nixon. Later that year the Judiciary Committee accepted three of four proposed articles of impeachment.
  9. Nixon resigned on August 8, 1974 after making a nationally televised resignation speech.
  10. Gerald Ford, after becoming president, pardoned Nixon.


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L. Gonzalez

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10 Facts from the PBS site:
  1. When President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in 1963, there were about 160,000 advisors of the US in Vietnam due to the continuous spread of Asian Communism.
  2. Over 1.4 million young men were drafted for the war in the second part of the 60s.
  3. In 1965, Johnson, the new President of the US, gave orders for the beginning of an air war in which bombs were thrown to the north of Vietnam.
  4. In April of 1965, there was the first major national anti-war demonstration that took place in Washington.
  5. The war with Vietnam officially ended in 1973.
  6. From 1960-1969 prices on just about everything gradually went up. The average house went from $16,500 to $27,900, a postage stamp went from 4 cents to 6 cents, a gallon of gas went from 31 cents to 35 cents, a dozen eggs went from57 cents to 62 cents, and a gallon of milk went from 49 cents to $1.10. A lot changed during the 60s.
  7. Color TV arrived in the early 60s, which gave way to many famous shows and series. Also with the bringing in of the color TV drive in movies became very common among many. By 1962, there were about 6,000 drive-in theaters around the US, but a year later the number decreased to 3,550 because more and more people were choosing to watch TV in their homes seeing that there was color.
  8. Music also changed greatly during this time. The Beatles were among the most famous groups heard during this time, along with Elvis Presley.
  9. Activist conflicts became a lot more common in the US. Among those very important activists were Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X.
  10. In 1964, a final constitutional amendment was passed to break the last barriers for blacks over 21 to be able to vote. And soon in 1971, the age went down rJr.J.uoroijhgiohrgfto 18.  All young adults 18-21 were given the right to vote.
 10 Facts from the Watergate Website:
  1. Watergate was the name that was given to the many scandals that occurred during 1972-1974.
  2. The Watergate Hotel was the site where seven burglars broke into the Democratic Partys National Committee offices.  This burglary took place on January 17,1972.
  3. Apparently one of the GOP security aides is said to have been among those burglars of the Watergate Crisis. That man was John Mitchell. He had also recently been given the position of attorney general controlled the secret fund of the Republicans that was meant to gather operations against the Democratic Party.
  4. According to the FBI the Watergate break-ins came from a campaign of spying and sabotaging brought by Nixon.
  5. Five of the seven burglars pleaded guilty. The other two were convicted of conspiracy, burglary, and wiretapping but were pleaded not guilty.
  6. Claims were said stating that president Nixon had been covering up for what had happened in Watergate. Nixon, prior to these accusations, refused to hand over any tapes that he has. This eventually leads to the Senate taking legal action that forces Nixon to turn over any tapes he may have concerning Watergate.
  7. Eventually Nixon hands over nine tapes that relate to this case.
  8. One of the tapes clearly states that someone had deliberately erased 18 ˝ minutes of the tape that included Nixon and one other of the burglars.
  9. He denies everything and supports his actions by saying the statement I am not a crook!
    10. As a result of the Watergate incident presented changes in the campaign finance reform   and gave a more aggressive attitude by the media

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L. Gonzalez

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Kristen, I really liked your ten facts. I really got a feel that you actually got what you were reading, let's just say that you got it a lot better than I did.biggrin But i just wanted to ask you one question..... Do you agree with how this got so out of hand? Do you think that this was really all that serious, or do you think that they just took it overboard? Im curious to see what some people's opinions are about this. biggrin

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Amanda

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Watergate (continued)

5) In 1973 Alexander Butterfield, the former presidential appointments secretary, told that since 1971 Nixon had been recording all conversations and telephone calls in his office, days later Nixon ordered the White House tapping system to be disconnected.

6) In 1973 when the tapes were released there was an unexplained 18.5 minutes missing that Chief of staff Alexander Haig said must have been erased by some sinister force

7) The White House attempted to substitute the tapes with a 1,200+ page report in which they summarized the tapes themselves for the House Judiciary Committee, the committee still demands that they turn over the tape

8) In 1974 Nixon was charged with obstructing of justice in the first of three articles of impeachment by the House Judiciary Committee

9) August 8, 1974 Nixon becomes the first president in American history to ever resign and puts Gerald Ford into office.

10) One month into his presidency, Gerald Ford pardons Nixon of "all offenses against the United States" between January 20, 1969 and August 9, 1974, this was very controversial and led to beliefs of corruption in the decision to put Ford into office.



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s.bailey

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Pbs

 

1)      95% of people have a tv (color)

2)      eight track stereos

3)      ken kesey wrote one flew over the cuckoos nest under heavy influence of lsd.

4)      Lsd was legal, many people would throw partys, and upon paying a cover charge you would get a cup of kool-aid

5)      Over 1 mill. North Vietnamese were killed in the Vietnam war

6)      An estimated 2-4 million civilians were killed in the Vietnam war

7)      Fbi spies on activists, such as malcom x. they tape phone line, use surveillance, ect.

8)      Voter turnout in the 60s is the highest since world war 2

9)      Voting age moved from 21 to 18

10)  Not only were activists spied upon, also student groups, and peace groups.

 

Watergate

 
1)      Watergate Burglars broke into the Democratic Party's National Committee offices on June 17, 1972.

2)      Frank Wills, a security guard, acted upon the burglary and opened the scandal

3)      two reporters from the Washington Post, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, investigated the scandal.

4)      The reporters had the help of deepthroat, who then was an unknown informant. We now know he was a high ranking fbi offical

5)      It was discovered the Nixon had secret tapes under the desks of the white house, taping all conversations.

6)      Nixon refused to release the tapes.

7)      Upon congress forcing him, Nixon releases edited tapes.

8)      Tapes expose Nixon as paranoid, racist and a little crazy.

9)      To avoid impeachment, Nixon resigns office.

Even some republicans voted with democrats to impeach Nixon.

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Jillian

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10 facts from http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html

-         In 1960, nearly half of America's population is under 18 years old.

-         Color TV was introduced in the 60s as black and white sets were being replaced.

-         In February 1965, Pres. Johnson begins the air war, ordering sustained bombing of the North. He also sends the first ground troops to the South.

-         Peace protests swell in size, attracting activists from the civil rights movement and other political groups.

-         2 million people march at a Peace Moratorium on October 15, 1969. This turns out to be the largest demonstration in the nations history.

-         The FBI uses tactics and methods like surveillance, recordings, anonymous letters, outright blackmail and IRS investigations-anything to discredit activist leaders and create organizational divisions.

-         The '60s begin with a race for President, and John F. Kennedy wins.

-         Voter turnouts are higher in the 1960s than in any other decade since WWII.

-         A constitutional amendment in 64 removed barriers for black voters.

-         In 1964, the first male Baby-Boomers turn 1ld enough to be drafted and sent to Vietnam.

 
10 facts from http://www.watergate.info/
-         The Watergate Hotel was where he Watergate Burglars broke into the Democratic Party's National Committee offices on June 17, 1972.

-         Nixon became the nation's 37th President on January 20, 1969.

-         Initial investigations of Watergate were heavily influenced by the media, particularly the work of two reporters from the Washington Post, Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, along with their mysterious informant, Deep Throat.

-         The White House counsel uncovered the existence of the secret White House tape recordings, sparking a major political and legal battle between the Congress and the President.

-         In 1974, the House of Representatives authorised the Judiciary Committee to consider impeachment proceedings against Nixon.

-         The House Judiciary Committee voted to accept three of four proposed Articles of Impeachment.

-         At 9pm on the evening of August 8, 1974, Nixon delivered a nationally televised resignation speech.

-         The 38th President Gerald R. Ford pardoned Nixon on all charges as soon as he came to office.\

- The controversy carried over into the Clinton administration causing much speculation about trust towards our own government.

Nixon was now forever known as a political and controversial figure.

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Kelsey Smith

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10 Facts about the 1960s.

 
  1. During the 60s there were 70 million children that came from the post-war baby boom who were becoming teenagers and young adults.
  2. The Black Panthers were formed to continue Malcolm Xs mission after he was assassinated in 1965.
  3. American Indians faced unemployment rates of 50% and a life expectancy only 2/3 of whites.
  4. Birth control became acceptable and widely available and abortion for cause was legalized in Colorado in 1967.
  5. In 1967 abortion and artificial insemination became legal in some states.
  6. Loss of respect for authority declined among the youth and crime rates increased nine times the rate in the 1950.
  7. The use of marijuana, LSD and other drugs soared during the hippie movement, they opposed violence, endorsed drugs, rock music, mystic religions and sexual freedom.
  8. In 1962 a spy plane identified long-range missiles in Cuba.
  9. John F. Kennedy was assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963.
  10. The first man walked on the moon in 1969.
  11. In 1965 cigarette manufacturers were forced to place warnings on all packages and in all ads after a surgeon general determined that smoking was a health hazard.
  12. The first women to teach while pregnant and showing was s teacher in the Clear Creek School District in 1968.
  13. The minimum voting age became 18 in 1971.
  14. The population rate was 177,830,000 and unemployment was 3,852,000 with the national debt at 286.3 Billion.
  15. Minimum wage was only $1.00
 

http://kclibrary.nhmccd.edu/decade60.html#events



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Alex Z.

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Amanda wrote:

PBS- The Sixties

...

 

2) In 1965 teachers at the University of Michigan organized an SDS supported teach-in to protest the war and by the end of that year there were 100,000 protesters in 80 cities around the country.

 

...

 

6) COINTELPRO was a Counter Intelligence Program used by the FBI to keep track of every organization in the country that was even remotely radical, such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Organization of Women, the SDS, and Malcolm X. The COINTELPRO hoped to discredit these activist leaders in anyway they could in order to break up their organizations.

 

...



Hey Amanda! 2 questions...
"SDS"?
and
COINTELPRO seems amazingly "big brother"-esque... what do you (or anyone else) think? Was the government justified? was this really necessary?



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Tanya

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Okay, hopefully this spaces out correctly.http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html1. In April 1965, the first major national anti-war demonstration, organized by the SDS, takes place in Washington.

2. By the end of the 1960s, 95 percent of the homes had at least one T.V.

3. By the end of the 1960s, nearly 60 million people, which was a third of the population, had moved out of cities and into suburbs in search of a brighter, cleaner world.

4. The FBI used the Counter Intelligence Program to investigate and interfere with dissident groups.

5. Operations Merrimac and Resistance were added to CHAOS, spying on peace groups, black activist organizations, campus radicals and student groups.

6. John F. Kennedy won the 1961 presidential election by promising to keep the U.S. ahead of the Soviet Union in the Space Race and Cold War.

7. In the next presidential election, candidate Barry Goldwater supports bombing in Vietnam, and loses the Presidential race by a landslide.

8. Shirley Chisholm, a black woman, received over 150 delegate votes in 1972.

9. In 1964, the first male Baby-Boomers turn 1ld enough to be drafted and sent to Vietnambut three years too young to vote against the war.

10. In 1960, a gallon of gas cost 31 cents, and in 1969 it cost 35 cents. (I had to put this since now its like $2.65 for a gallon of gas.)

http://www.watergate.info/


1. In November 1968, Nixon defeated Hubert Humphrey for the Presidency. It was one of the closest elections in U.S. history.

2. On June 13, 1971, the New York Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers, which was the Defense Department's secret history of the Vietnam War. The Washington Post began publishing the papers later in the week.

3. On September 9, 1971, the White House "plumbers" unit burglarized a psychiatrist's office to find files on Daniel Ellsberg, the former defense analyst who leaked the Pentagon Papers.

4. One June 17, 1972, five men were arrested at 2:30 a.m. because they were caught trying to bug the offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate hotel and office complex. One of the men who was arrested said that he used to work for the CIA.

5. On November 11, 1972, Nixon was reelected in one of the largest landslides in American political history, taking more than 60 percent of the vote and crushing the Democratic nominee, Sen. George McGovern of South Dakota.

6. On June 3, 1973, the Washington Post reported that John Dean told Watergate investigators that he discussed the Watergate cover-up with President Nixon at least 35 times.

7. On June 13, 1973, the Washington Post reported that Watergate prosecutors found a memo addressed to John Ehrlichman describing in detail the plans to burglarize the office of Pentagon Papers defendant Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist.

8. On June 13, 1973, Alexander Butterfield, former presidential appointments secretary, revealed in congressional testimony that since 1971 Nixon had recorded all conversations and telephone calls in his offices.

9. On October 20, 1973, the Saturday Night Massacre occurs. Nixon fired Archibald Cox and abolished the office of the special prosecutor. Attorney General Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William D. Ruckelshaus resigned. Pressure for impeachment mounted in Congress.

10. On July 24, 1974, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that Nixon had to turn over the tape recordings of 64 White House conversations, which rejected the president's claims of executive privilege.



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Tanya

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arg, the first part isn't supposed to be all scrunched and linked like that...and #9 on part 1 is supposed to say 18 - old ... my computer is so messed up hmm

And, Curt, nice facts for the Watergate website...I had a lot of the same ones so I had to go back and change them.  I didn't know that Ford pardoned Nixon of all the charges though, now that is messed up that he gets pardoned just for being a former president...unless there was another reason he was pardoned...idk but I'm all historied out for today -.-


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Tanya

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Alex Z. wrote:

Alex Zarecki

http://www.pbs.org/opb/thesixties/index.html

Facts
1. The Republic of Vietnam (South) lost roughly 4 times as many soldiers as the U.S.
2. U.S. soldiers used Charlie as a derogatory term for members of the VC as a result of the radio alphabet term Victor-Charlie.
3. Francis Gary Powers, the pilot of the U2 plane, was detained for two years in Soviet territory.
4. The Presidential Television Debates provided Kennedy with limelight while making Nixon look bad (literally).
5. Elvis was discharged after two years in the army in 1960.
6. Also in 1960, Theodore Maiman, a physicist, successfully created the first LASER.
7. The sit-ins first occurred in 1960, too, protesting segregation in the South.
8. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964.
9. The voting rights act was passed in 1965.
10. Star Trek first aired in 1966.

Thoughts
Although it took me a while to realize a timeline involved more than one year, I found it interesting how much happened in this decade. It seems as though more happens in recent years than in, say, during colonial times, but I wonder is that just because we are better at recording history now than we were before? Or even further, does it just seem this way because we dont realize whats really insignificant when things are still affecting us?



Does it say what happened to Francis Gary Powers during those two years/why was he detained in the first place?...And, Elvis was in the army?!...Very nice facts.

-Pat



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Tanya

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Alex Z. wrote:
Amanda wrote:

PBS- The Sixties

...

 

2) In 1965 teachers at the University of Michigan organized an SDS supported teach-in to protest the war and by the end of that year there were 100,000 protesters in 80 cities around the country.

 

...

 

6) COINTELPRO was a Counter Intelligence Program used by the FBI to keep track of every organization in the country that was even remotely radical, such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Organization of Women, the SDS, and Malcolm X. The COINTELPRO hoped to discredit these activist leaders in anyway they could in order to break up their organizations.

 

...


Hey Amanda! 2 questions...
"SDS"?
and
COINTELPRO seems amazingly "big brother"-esque... what do you (or anyone else) think? Was the government justified? was this really necessary?


Alex, SDS is the Students for a Democratic Society, it was created in 1962 and united college students throughout the country in a network committed to achieving racial equality, alleviating poverty, and ending the Vietnam War.




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Makeda

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  1. Barry Goldwater lost the presidential election because he supported bombing Vietnam.
  2. The voting rights act of 1965 was passed.
  3. In 1964 a young person could not vote at the age of 18, but could be drafted into the army.
  4. SDS-Students for a Democratic Society was founded in 1962.
  5. Shirley Chisholm becomes the first African American woman to run for the presidency.
  6. On August 24, 1967 Abbott Hoffman, founder of the Yippies, leads a leads a group of followers into the New York Stock Exchange, in order to protest the Vietnam War and capitalism.
  7. The Tonkin Resolution is passed, which gives t he president power to wage war against North Vietnam.
  8. Almost half of the population in America was under 18 in the 1960s.
  9. 502 films are released in 1964.
  10. 60 million people move out of the cities and into the suburbs by the end of the sixties.
 

Watergate

 

1.      On June 17 1972, the Watergate burglars broke into the Democratic Partys National Committee offices.

2.      The burglars were really people from the White House Plumbers unit and former CIA officials.

3.      The break in revealed the White House dirty tricks squad, and the plumbers unit.

4.      Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein were the two main reporters who researched the Watergate scandal.

5.      W. Mark Felt Deep Throat was the man who leaked the Watergate info to the reporters.

6.      Testimony from government officials who were involved, were held by the Senate Committee and were broadcasted on TV throughout May and August of 1973.

7.      Donald Sanders, during hid testimony, revealed that the oval office was being taped at all times.

8.      Archibald Cox, the special prosecutor on the case, was fired, due to the actions of Nixon, because he subpoenaed the tapes.

9.      On July 24, 1974 the Supreme Court ordered Nixon to release the tapes.

10.  As a result, Nixon became the first President ever to resign.



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Amanda

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Alex Z. wrote:

Amanda wrote:

PBS- The Sixties

...

 

2) In 1965 teachers at the University of Michigan organized an SDS supported teach-in to protest the war and by the end of that year there were 100,000 protesters in 80 cities around the country.

 

...

 

6) COINTELPRO was a Counter Intelligence Program used by the FBI to keep track of every organization in the country that was even remotely radical, such as the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, the National Organization of Women, the SDS, and Malcolm X. The COINTELPRO hoped to discredit these activist leaders in anyway they could in order to break up their organizations.

 

...



Hey Amanda! 2 questions...
"SDS"?
and
COINTELPRO seems amazingly "big brother"-esque... what do you (or anyone else) think? Was the government justified? was this really necessary?



I don't think organizations like COINTELPRO were really justified in what they were doing. They were spying on people and doing anything they could to discredit people, they ruined many lives. The people and organizations they were watching were quite harmless, they were exercising their rights, freedom of speech and assembly, but COINTELPRO considered this a threat to the government.

As for the SDS, I don't really consider them to be on the same level as COINTELPRO. SDS was fighting against what COINTELPRO was all about, they were targeted by COINTELPRO, but they were for democracy, not ruining the lives of people just because they were activists.



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